home may be your haven away from the busy outside world. However, to others who come into your house or onto your property, it may pose a danger to their personal safety.
As a homeowner, you have the obligation to keep everyone who comes in your home or onto your property safe. You can satisfy this expectation and avoid legal complications by learning more about homeowner liability.
What is Homeowner Liability?
Homeowner liability is simply the legal responsibility of homeowners to protect people who come into their homes or onto their properties. This protection ensures that both invited and uninvited people are not directly injured or made ill because of the condition in which you keep the inside and outside of your house.
For example, if you fail to shovel and sand your sidewalk after a snowstorm, you could be found liable for a person’s injury if that individual slips and falls while walking past your house. Likewise, you could be found legally responsible if one of your guests is injured by a loose light fixture that has fallen on his or her head.
While you cannot anticipate every possible scenario in and outside of your home that could cause an accident, you still are expected to meet the reasonable liability guidelines as mandated by your state. Taking steps now to make your home as safe as possible for anyone who might come into your home or onto your property could protect you from legal and financial difficulties in the future.
Liability Risks to Your Home
As you inspect the inside and outside of your home, you may wonder what factors could present a threat to people’s safety. Some of the more common liabilities that could present a challenge to you as a homeowner include:
- Heating systems powered by natural gas or propane
- Wood-burning fireplaces or furnaces
- Pets, especially dogs
- In-ground or above ground swimming pools
- Spas or hot tubs
If you have any of these liability risks in or outside of your home, you must ensure that they will not pose a danger to anyone who comes into your house or yard. For example, you should maintain and repair gas or propane heating systems to avoid carbon monoxide leaks.
You should also keep your sidewalk in good repair and cleared of debris to prevent slip and fall accidents. You should put up a fence around your pool, spa, or hot tub to keep people out and to prevent accidental drownings.
Likewise, you should keep your dogs inside a fenced-in yard or inside your house and also make sure that they are trained and up-to-date on vaccinations. If you keep them in your fenced-in yard, you should post Beware of Dog signs to warn passers-by if your dogs are hostile toward strangers.
These simple precautions, as well as numerous others that you can take to make your home safer, can help you meet the reasonable liability obligations as a homeowner in your state. They also could demonstrate to a court that you took the appropriate safety measures to prevent accidents and injuries to people who visited your home.
Legal Obligation toward Visitors to Your Home
As a homeowner, you may welcome any number of people to your home on a regular basis. While you most definitely have the obligation of safeguarding people you invite to your house, you also have the legal responsibility of protecting people whom you do not invite.
Most states require that you make your home and property safe for visitors who fall into any of these categories:
- Licensees: Licensees are people whom you invite to your home or onto your property for social reasons. For example, party guests belong in this category of visitors. You are expected to provide a reasonable amount of safety for licensees who come to your home.
- Invitees: Invitees are people you invite to your home or onto your property for business reasons. Deliverymen and contractors are examples of invitees. You have the responsibility of protecting invitees from unknown hazards in areas to which these people will have access when they are in your home or on your property.
- Trespassers: Despite it being illegal for people to trespass onto your property, you still could be found liable for trespassers’ injuries if they slip and fall or otherwise get hurt inside or outside of your home. The law requires that you take reasonable action to prevent accidents and injuries even for people who are not legally supposed to be on your property.
While you must take precautions to protect adults who visit your home, you have a unique responsibility to safeguard children against liabilities known as attractive nuisances. The legal system says that children are not expected to be aware of fixtures that could present a danger to them. Instead, it is up to you as a homeowner to protect children from anything in or outside of your home that could hurt them.
For example, many children are irresistibly drawn to swimming pools. They often want to go look at or even jump into pools on other people’s properties, even if they have not been invited or told to stay away.
A swimming pool, hot tub, spa, and other similar fixtures are called attractive nuisances because they attract children who may not realize the accident or injury risk. As the owner of the fixture, you have the responsibility to make it off-limits to children are either invited onto property or trespass without your knowledge.
One of the best way to detract children from your pool, spa, or hot tub would be to install a fence and an alarm system. The fence should be tall enough so that children cannot scale it. The alarm should be loud enough to alert you and others that the gate has been breached.
If you fail to make your pool, hot tub, or spa off-limits to children, you could be found legally liable if a child gets hurt or drowns on your property. You could face significant financial and criminal repercussions because you failed to meet the reasonable liability expectations placed on you by the state in which you live.
Another type of attractive nuisance on your property could be your pet. Children love to approach pets like cats and dogs. However, if your pet bites or scratches a child, you could be held legally liable for the child’s injuries and medical expenses.
To protect yourself from legal and financial challenges, you should keep your pet indoors and away from children who are playing outside near your home. You should also avoid leaving your pet with a child. This level of supervision will ensure that your pet poses no danger to children and that you meet the reasonable liability standards as a homeowner.
Owning a home is a crowning achievement for many people. Despite your home being your most treasured asset and a place to feel comfortable and secure from the outside world, it can also be a liability to you if you do not regular inspect and maintain its safety.
While you want to keep you and your loved ones safe from harm, you have the legal obligation to protect people who come into contact with the inside and outside of your home. You can prevent people from injuries, illnesses, and other accidents by learning what is expected of you when it comes to meeting the reasonable liability requirements for homeowners in your state.
property owners legal duty to prevent injury
Home and business owners have the legal responsibility of making their properties as safe as possible for the public. The property owners legal duty to prevent injury varies from state to state.
However, the mandates are designed to ensure that people of all ages stay safe and that owners are held liable for injuries and accidents that could have been prevented with reasonable care. You can meet the legal expectation of keeping the public safe from harm by learning how the law categorizes visitors to your property and what level of care you are required by law to take to prevent injuries and accidents.
The law defines invitees as anyone you invite onto your property and into your store or home for business purposes. Common examples of invitees include:
- job applicants
- delivery people
- utility workers
According to the law, you owe invitees the highest degree of care when it comes to protecting them from injury and accidents. You have the duty to reasonably inspect for, discover, and correct unknown hazards. You also must take reasonable actions to protect your patrons from harm.
The definition of reasonable, however, can vary from state to state. Most states define reasonable as what a person of ordinary intelligence and judgment would do under similar circumstances. If the case goes to trial, it will be up to the judge or jury to define what constitutes reasonable under the law.
You can base your own definition of reasonable on examples provided to property and business owners. For example, if your building has a stairwell, you must regularly inspect, maintain, and repair it so that people who go up and down the stairs are protected from liabilities like broken steps or loose handrails.
The law understands, however, that you cannot watch every inch of your property every second of the day. If a person falls on a banana peel that was newly dropped on the floor, you may not be legally liable for the person’s accident. The court would understand that you may not have been able to pick up the banana peel in time to prevent the person’s fall.
The law also says that the property owners legal duty to prevent injury also extends to people whom you invite into your building and onto your property for social reasons. For instance, if you host a party and invite your family and friends over for the evening, you have the legal responsibility to protect them from injuries and accidents.
However, according to the law, your burden of providing that safety is lower than what you are expected to provide for invitees. For licensees, you must provide reasonable care to protect your guests from known hazards.
For example, if you know that the stair in your home is loose, you must warn your guests or restrict access to the stairwell. If you fail to tell them to watch the step or stay off the stairs entirely, you could be found liable for their injuries.
You are not expected to go out of your way to search out and repair unknown hazards. If someone in your home is hurt because of a risk you were not aware of, you may not be held legally responsible for the person’s injuries.
The law defines trespassers as people who enter your building or property without your permission. You are not legally obligated to protect those individuals. However, at the same time you cannot willfully harm them.
You could actually be held legally liable for a trespasser’s injuries if you caused or maintained unsafe conditions on your property. You could also be found responsible if you thought the conditions would not be found by trespassers or if you failed to warn trespassers about the risks found on your property.
To prevent a lawsuit against you, you should maintain and repair your property with the presumption that it could be breached by trespassers at any moment. By anticipating what could pose a risk to them, you lower your liability as a home or business owner.
The law also takes into account how legally obligated you are to protect children who might trespass onto your property. Children are not held to the same standard as adults when it comes to the crime of trespassing. The law understands that children cannot help their curiosity and creativity and thus may not understand how much danger they put themselves when they wander onto your property.
As such, the law transfers that understanding onto you as a legal adult and property owner. You are expected to anticipate what risks are on your property that could pose a danger to children.
Some of the most prominent risks on your property are what the law calls attractive nuisances. These risks are attractive to children but also put their safety in jeopardy.
Some of the most common attractive nuisances that property owners may not realize pose a danger to children include:
- swimming pools
- hot tubs
- lawn mowers and tractors
Your pets and livestock also can be a danger to kids who come onto your property. They may want to pet your dog or feed your horses through the fence. You should take precautions to keep your animals off limits to kids.
Children also may wander onto your property to jump in the pool or take your tractor for a joyride. In the process, however, they may suffer injuries for which you are legally liable.
The law demands that you take preventative measures to eliminate the risk of injury or accidents to trespassing children. You may be advised to put up a fence around your pool, install an alarm system for your hot tub or spa, or chain up your riding lawn mower, among other safety precautions.
You also are encouraged to keep an eye on your property and watch for children who might wander onto your property at anytime during the day or night. You should call the police if kids refuse to leave your yard or building. You also should tell the kids’ parents about their trespassing if possible.
Overall, you are required by law to inspect your property regularly and identify anything that could pose a danger to trespassing children. You also must maintain, repair, or replace these fixtures so that you lower your legal liability as a home or business owner.
As a home and business owner, you are required by law to protect anyone who comes onto your property. If they get hurt or killed, you could be found legally liable for their injuries or wrongful death.
Even so, you may not know what measures to take when it comes to safeguarding the public. What risks are you supposed to look for and how do you know what constitutes a risk and what does not?
Rather than guess and find yourself in legal hot water, you should reach out to professionals who are trained to help you. You can start with your insurance agent who can educate you more about liabilities and attractive nuisances.
You can also rely on the counsel of an attorney who practices property or real estate law. Your lawyer can help you come up with a plan of action to eliminate risks on your property and keep friends, relatives, clients, contractors, and other people safe.
homeowner liability invitees licensees and trespassers
As a homeowner, you have the duty to protect the people who live with you from harm. You may do this by installing a security system, regularly maintaining the heating and cooling system in your home, replacing faulty fixtures like floorboards or stairwells, and carrying out other protective or restorative tasks.
However, you also have the obligation of safeguarding people who enter your home and property. You can take the best actions to lower your homeowner liability by learning more about the facts of homeowner liability invitees licensees and trespassers.
It is only reasonable to expect any homeowner to entertain guests in his or her home. The law identifies people whom you invite into your home for social occasions as licensees.
Licensees include party guests as well as your relatives that you invite over for Christmas, birthday, and other special events. They have no contractual relationship with you but rather are inside your home at your leisure and pleasure.
Because they have no contractual obligation to you, licensees can expect you to provide a reasonable amount of protection against willful or wanton injuries and harm. That is to say, you have the obligation of protecting your social guests from their own behavior if you know them to be prone to rambunctious or impetuous actions.
For example, if you know that your nephew likes to swing from chandeliers, you must by law make your chandelier off limits to him or take other actions to prevent him from swinging from it.
If your nephew goes for a swing on your chandelier and lands on his head on the living room floor, you could be legally liable for his medical expenses. It will be up to you to prove that you did all you could to prevent him from hanging off the chandelier in the first place.
Likewise, if your uncle Harry is prone to setting fires after getting drunk, you must take measures to keep your uncle sober and away from flammable materials during your party. You can do so by not keeping alcohol in your house and by hiding the matches, lighters, candlesticks, and other risky objects.
If a licensee does get hurt in your home during a social occasion, you could be held liable for the person’s injuries. However, if you can show the court that you took preventative measures to minimize the person’s risk, you could be exonerated.
Invitees differ from licensees in that invitees typically do have a contractual relationship with you. In fact, the law says that invitees are people whom you invite into your home either by spoken word, customs or by inferred actions.
As such, invitees are individuals who come into your home or onto your property to carry out some business-related task. This category of visitor includes contractors that you hire to fix your dishwasher or mow your lawn as well as the FedEx or UPS deliveryman and the mailman. It even covers utility workers who must come onto your property or into your home to install cables or utility lines.
The law also says that as a homeowner you have the responsibility of providing extraordinary care to ensure these individuals’ safety. You must take every precaution to safeguard the area of the property to which they will have access.
For example, if you hire a contractor to fix your dishwasher, you must take every care to ensure the safety of your kitchen. You must mop up any water on the floor, remove sharp objects like knives from the dishwasher, and keep your guard dog out of the room so the contractor can work. If you fail to take these measures and the contractor gets hurt while in your home, you could be found liable for his or her injuries.
Likewise, if you are expecting a package to be delivered on a snowy day, you must by law shovel and sand your sidewalk so that the deliveryman will not slip and fall. If the person falls on a patch of ice that you failed to sand, he or she could sue you in court. You must go above and beyond when it comes to keeping invitees safe from harm as they carry out business-related tasks in your home and on your property.
The homeowner liability invitees licensees and trespassers law says that you also must take reasonable actions to prevent injuries or death to people who illegally enter your home or property. In fact, the law defines trespassers as people who enter your home or come onto your property without your permission and for their express benefit or entertainment.
Despite the fact that you did not give them permission to be there, you still must ensure that they do not get hurt or killed while they are on your property or inside your house. No matter what is depicted in Hollywood movies, you cannot set booby traps or pitfalls for them, for example.
You also must take preventative measures to protect them once you are aware that they are there. Of course, the law regarding trespassers varies in each state.
Some states have to Stand Your Ground laws that allow you to defend yourself against people who break into your home and threaten the personal safety of you and your family. You can stay on the right side of the law by verifying what your state says about trespassers and your responsibility of keeping them safe.
It can be difficult to know what is expected of you as a homeowner when it comes to keeping other people besides your family safe. How can you know what could pose a risk to visitors or trespassers? And why do you have to protect trespassers, utility workers, or contractors in the first place? Are not contractors, utility workers, and deliverymen covered by their employers’ insurance?
The answers to these questions are complex and difficult to understand sometimes, which is why you should seek out the professional advice of people who know your state’s laws regarding home and property visitors.
You could start by speaking with your homeowners insurance agent about your liability concerns. Your agent can give you advice about how to make your home and property safe for everyone who lawfully or unlawfully enters your home or yard.
You could also speak with an attorney who practices homeowner or property law in your state. The lawyer can answer questions about why you are legally responsible for protecting invitees, licensees, and even trespassers. Your attorney can also give you pointers on how you can make your home and property safer so that the likelihood of accidents, injuries, or wrongful death is minimized.
Buying your own home brings a wealth of benefits and rights that you cannot enjoy as a renter. Even so, home ownership can also bring significant responsibilities that were not anything you had to worry about when you rented a house or an apartment.
Failing to carry out these responsibilities could increase your liability as a homeowner and put you at great financial and legal risk. Your obligation of ensuring your home’s safety does not end with the loved ones who live with you.
By law, you must protect people whom you invite into your home either for social or business purposes. You also must take reasonable care to prevent injuries to people who trespass onto your property.
You can lower your liability as a homeowner and know exactly what is expected of you by consulting with your insurance agent. You also should speak with an attorney to clarify further questions and concerns.
homeowner liability: dangers to children attractive nuisances
Children have a natural propensity for curiosity and creativity. Their boundless energy and inclination to explore whatever is around them could present a unique challenge to you as a homeowner, however.
If your property contains what the law defines as attractive nuisances, you must take all appropriate measures to protect children in your neighborhood from harm. You can meet this important homeowner liability and minimize the risk of a child getting hurt or killed on your property by learning more about the attractive nuisance doctrine.
The law defines an attractive nuisance as something that attracts the curiosity and attention of children. Specifically, it must be something that is manmade as well as something that the property owner maintains on a regular basis.
With that, some of the most common attractive nuisances found on homeowners’ properties include:
- swimming pools
- hot tubs
- machinery like riding lawn mowers or tractors
- pets and animals
They also include common fixtures like a rooftop that can easily be accessed by children who come onto the property.
Attractive Nuisance Doctrine
The attractive nuisance doctrine places the unique responsibility on homeowners of making their properties as uninviting and difficult to access as possible for children. In fact, is important to note that each state has its own definition for who is and is not recognized as children.
Some states say that adolescents 18 years and younger are legally defined as children. Other states lower the age to 16. To meet the homeowner liability requirements in your state, you should verify how the local court system defines children.
Nonetheless, the attractive nuisance doctrine says that children cannot fully understand dangers presented to them in fixtures that attract them to your property. Instead, the burden of protecting them falls to you as the homeowner.
In fact, if you believe that you have any fixture on your property that could appeal to children, you must take all preventative measures to restrict access to it. If a child gets hurt or is killed on your property as a result, you could face significant legal liabilities for the child’s injuries or wrongful death.
However, the law does allow for a bit of proverbial wiggle room when it comes to the attractive nuisance doctrine. For instance, it recognizes that most children recognize basic dangers. Many kids know not to touch fire or to jump off the top of a house.
Second, the law says that an attractive nuisance must be manmade. As such, if you have a pond, lake, or stream on your property, you are not obligated to restrict its access since it is a naturally occurring fixture. If a child suffers an injury or drowns in one of these bodies of water, you as the property owner may not be found legally liable.
Even so, you still might take the appropriate measures to make every aspect of your property as unappealing and difficult to access as possible for children. You can find out how to accomplish this goal through several different means.
Restricting Access to an Attractive Nuisance
You can prevent injuries and accidents on your property by using several different methods to make an attractive nuisance off limits to children. Depending on what that nuisance is, you can start by building a fence around it.
A swimming pool, for example, can be kept off limits by a fence. Along with a fence, you can install an alarm system and locked gates to keep kids out of the pool area.
Likewise, a fence can be a great way to keep animals and pets away from children. Even if your pets are friendly to most strangers, you never know when they will snap and bite a child. A fence along with Beware of the Dog signs can go a long way in reducing your homeowner liability and protecting kids from danger.
You should use the same precaution if you own livestock. Fencing combined with No Trespassing signs can lower your liability in case of accidents.
Fixtures that you cannot fence off should be restricted either by locking or tying them up. Placing a chain around the tires and steering wheel of a riding lawn mower, for instance, or putting jacks on the wheels of a tractor can prevent a child from taking your machinery out for a joyride.
You should also report children on your property to their parents or to the police. If you allow them to roam freely without telling them to leave, you could be found responsible if they are injured while in your yard. Make a report each time you see them and keep a record of the kids’ trespassing just in case on an accident.
Finally, you should be on the lookout for kids who appear interested in anything on your property. The simple fact of you being aware of their interest could make you liable if they get hurt or get killed because of an unguarded attractive nuisance.
If you are still not sure of how to deter children from coming onto your property, you should seek out immediate legal advice. You can speak with your homeowners insurance agent to find out what might constitute as an attractive nuisance, for example. After these fixtures are identified, you can then take the appropriate measures to restrict access to them.
You can also adjust your policy as needed to cover potential liability issues. For example, if you recently got a dog, you will need to inform your agent. Your insurance should be readjusted to protect you from being sued in case your dog bites a child in the neighborhood.
You should also consult an attorney who specializes in homeowners or property law. An attorney can help you come up with a solid plan of action for protecting yourself against liability issues.
Your lawyer can also help you take action in case you cannot convince children to stay off your property. You might have legal recourse against the children’s parents or the homeowners association. You also may be able to defend yourself successfully against charges that you failed to take action to secure the liabilities in your yard.
As a homeowner, you have the right to have certain fixtures and luxuries on your property. Whether you build an in-ground swimming pool for you and your family to enjoy together or buy a riding lawn mower to mow the grass on your extensive property, you want the freedom to use and maintain these items without fear of legal repercussions.
Nonetheless, you cannot control the actions of children in the area who may be drawn to the things that you have on your property. Despite their curiosity, children are not legally responsible for their own actions. You have the obligation of protecting them from harm and death once they step foot in your yard.
Even so, you may not know what items on your property could be labeled as an attractive nuisance and which ones are exempt from this doctrine. Before you cordon off your entire property, you should consult with your insurance agent and a lawyer.
The advice you get from these professionals can guide you as you make your property safer. Their input can also lower the liability issues you might face as a homeowner as well as protect children who accidentally or willfully come onto your property because of their own curiosity and impulsiveness.
homeowner liability: swimming pools and spas
Many homeowners consider an outdoor pool, spa, or hot tub to be the ultimate luxury. Despite the obvious benefits that come with these amenities, they also present a very real threat to the safety of your property and your liability as a homeowner.
While you have every right to buy a home with one of these fixtures or add one to the outside of your house, you should realize the risks that can come with it. You can lower your liability as a homeowner and protect your loved ones, guests, and others from harm by taking the appropriate measures to restrict access to your outdoor pool, spa, or hot tub.
Accidental drownings account for the second leading cause of death of children age 14 and under. Children can drown in the smallest amounts of water. Along with swimming pools, hot tubs, and spas, they can fall and drown in containers like:
- diaper pails
- kiddie pools
Moreover, an accidental drowning can happen in the smallest time frames, often within the time it takes to answer a phone call. The briefest amount of time that you take your attention away from a child can be all it takes for him or her to drown accidentally.
Because of how quickly an accidental drowning can take place, it is imperative that you take all necessary precautions to protect people who live in or visit your home. The measures to restrict access to your hot tub, spa, or pool measures also lower your liability as a homeowner so that you avoid legal and financial repercussions.
One of the most basic precautions you can take to make your pool, hot tub, or spa off limits to children involves putting up a fence around it. The fence should go above and beyond the normal chain link fencing that you erect around your backyard. It should be stronger, taller, and more difficult to breach, lowering the likelihood that children and unauthorized individuals will be able to get in to the pool, tub, or hot tub that it surrounds.
The standards for your pool fence, in fact, should be designed to discourage anyone who is not allowed into the area from attempting to breach the boundary. First, it should at minimum be five feet tall. This height makes it difficult for children to reach the top of the fence and climb over into the pool, hot tub, or spa.
Second, your fence should be erected so that it cannot be climbed. The materials should not be laid out horizontally, for example, because horizontal wood planks, bars, and other materials can be climbed easier than if they were laid out vertically.
Third, any spaces in the fencing should not be wider than four inches. Children can squeeze into spaces that are wider than four inches. To keep kids out, any spaces in the fence should be less than four inches in width.
Finally, the fencing should completely surround your pool, hot tub, or spa. It should not have any open areas where people can walk through and gain access to the swimming area.
Likewise, the fencing should be erected away from fixtures that can be used to climb over and breach the fence. You should make sure that the area is void of chairs, tables, playground equipment, boulders, and other items that kids can stand on to climb over the fence.
Along with putting up a fence around your swimming pool, spa, or hot tub, you should also install an alarm system. An alarm in addition to a fence lowers your liability as a homeowner and also deters people from trying to gain access to the swimming area.
The alarm system that you install should feature a touchpad or switch that is placed at least 54 inches of the ground. This height ensures that children cannot access it to try and enter the code for getting into the swimming area.
Likewise, the alarm system should have a feature that automatically resets the alarm after the entry code has been used and the gate to the area has been opened. The alarm itself should only be deactivated for up to 15 seconds at a time, long enough for a single entry into the swimming area. These design features allow your alarm system lower your homeowner liability and make the pool, hot tub, or spa off limits to children and other unauthorized people.
You can take several other measures to make your swimming area off limits to people and do your part to make your property safe from accidents and drownings. For starters, you can install gates with safety latches on the fence that guards your pool, spa, or hot tub.
The latches should be self-closing and self-latching and placed out of reach of children. These safety precautions make it more difficult for kids to open the gate and enter the area.
Second, the gates should open outwards instead of inward toward the water. Outward opening gates equipped with self-closing and self-latching mechanisms are more difficult for children to enter because they swing close and lock faster, often before a child can get through the gate.
Third, you should use a pool cover to keep the water out of sight and off limits to children and others. When kids cannot see the water, they may be less tempted to try to gain access to the pool, spa, or hot tub.
You can use a fabric or vinyl cover or one that is power operated. Power operated covers are more difficult to remove and also provide sturdier protection.
Fourth, you should install a phone in the swimming area and keep a list of emergency contact numbers nearby. You should also keep the address of the property near the phone so that anyone, even people who do not live there, can call for help.
Finally, you should always supervise anyone who is swimming in your pool or using your hot tub or spa. People of all ages and swimming skill levels can accidentally drown.
You never know when an accident might occur. You can keep everyone safe, respond immediately to emergencies, and lower your homeowner liability by supervising people as they swim in your pool or soak in your hot tub or spa.
If you are unsure of what your legal responsibilities as a homeowner and an owner of a pool, hot tub, or spa are in your state, you should consult with a lawyer who specializes in real estate and property laws. You can use the legal counsel given to you to improve the safety and integrity of your property and also minimize the risk of accidental drownings.
Taking a dip in the swimming pool or soaking in a hot tub or spa after a long day at work can be the ultimate homeowner luxury. As much as you may enjoy having these fixtures on your property, you also may worry about what kind of legal liability they present to you as well as what kind of harm they can pose to your loved ones and guests.
You can keep your swimming pool, spa, or hot tub off limits to children and others by taking some simple yet effective measures to safeguard the area. These precautions also lower the liability you face as a homeowner and make you less likely to suffer legal and financial repercussions because you own a pool, hot tub, or spa.