Winslow, which became a division point for the Santa Fe Railway lies along Interstate 40 on the western border of Navajo County in the high plateau country of northeastern Arizona. The community, at an elevation of 4,850 feet, lies in the Little Colorado River Valley (the river skirts the city’s eastern edge) and is 58 miles east of Flagstaff. Famed Route 66 was the major east-west route through Winslow before I-40 replaced it.
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The first settler, in 1880, was reputed to have been a hotel man
who lived in and did business from a tent. Two years later, in
January 1882, a U.S. Post Office was established. Incorporated in
1900, the town was said to have been named for Edward Winslow,
a railroad company president.
Winslow has a diversified economy in which transportation,
tourism, manufacturing, trade and retail business are important factors.
The Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad and the Arizona
Department of Corrections are the major employers with 500
employees each. Trade is the second largest employer, partly due to
tourism brought in by traffic on I-40 and state Highway 87, which
connects Winslow to Phoenix (state Highway 87 continues north
into the Navajo and Hopi Indian reservations).
Major retail stores in the area include Wal-Mart, Video City, and the
Flying J and Pilot truck stop. The lumber industry influences the
economy of the Winslow area with a sizeable number of employees
at Winslow and in the Apache Sitgreaves and Coconino National
The Apache Sitgreaves National Forest, 30 miles south of the city,
offers camping, hunting, fishing and water sports. Meteor Crater,
Sunset Crater and Canyon de Chelly National Monuments are all
within a two-hour drive of Winslow. The Petrified Forest National
Park is just 60 miles east of Winslow adjacent to the famed Painted
Desert. North of Winslow on the vast Navajo Reservation are many
prehistoric ruins and cliff dwellings, and on the Hopi Reservation are
ancient pueblo villages. Five miles northeast of Winslow is Homolovi
Ruins State Park, a prehistoric archaeological site consisting of ruins
left by the Anasazi, who are believed to be the ancestors of the
Hopi people. The Little Painted Desert, located 18 miles north of
Winslow, offers a beautiful rim drive easily accessible from the city.
Five miles southeast of Winslow is Clear Creek Reservoir, where
fishing, boating, water sports, picnicking and swimming are
enjoyed. La Posada is the last Fred Harvey Hotel surviving in the
West. Restored to its former elegance, it is located in downtown
Winslow. It was the hub of transcontinental rail and air traffic in
the 1930’s and 1940’s. The Old Trails Museum is a fine collection of
memorabilia documenting the history of Winslow and northern
Arizona. It is also located in downtown Winslow.
Near Winslow Arizona
Joseph City is in Navajo County on Interstate 40 about 80
miles east of Flagstaff and approximately 200 miles northeast of
As early as 1854, Mormons had tried to establish communities
in the Little Colorado River territory, but they were driven out by the
Navajos. Between 1858 and the early 1870s, Mormon pioneers
made several reconnaissance missions to locate river crossings,
water holes and suitable trails.
In 1876, Mormon settlers again came from Utah to colonize the
area. St. Joseph, Arizona, was founded along with three other communities.
In 1923, since St. Joseph, Missouri, was also on the Santa
Fe Railway line, St. Joseph, Arizona, was changed to Joseph City.
Today the community is the oldest Mormon settlement in Arizona.
Joseph City, at an elevation of 5,083 feet, is unincorporated.
Joseph City’s location on I-40 has contributed to the development
of a sizable retail trade and service sector in the local economy.
Commercial activity in Navajo County has been increasing significantly
around I-40 in recent years.
The four power plants of Arizona Public Service, with a kilowatt
capacity totaling 946,000, are also significant to the Joseph City
economy. The Cholla power plant is the largest APS-owned generating
station in Arizona.
Joseph City is surrounded by a variety of natural scenic attractions.
The Petrified Forest, declared a national monument in 1906,
and Painted Desert added to the national park in 1932, are east of
the city within a half hour drive. The historic Painted Desert Inn is
located at Kachina Point. It was built in 1924 and is on the National
Register of Historic Places. In 1985, the fossil remains of one of the
earliest-known dinosaurs were found in the Petrified Forest.
Cholla Lake, a reservoir formed to hold cooling water for the
Cholla Power Plant has been developed into a splendid recreational
area, with excellent boating, fishing, and swimming.
South of Joseph City lies the Mogollon Rim country with its tall
pines and quiet mountain lakes where visitors and residents alike
can enjoy hunting, fishing, and the spectacular panoramas.
The ancient villages of the Hopi Indians and pre historic ruins
and cliff dwellings of the Navajo Reservation reveal an authentic picture
of the history of these colorful Indian tribes and the rich folklore
of the early West.
On the reservation are found Monument Valley, Canyon de Chelly,
Little Colorado River Gorge, Grand Falls, Rainbow Bridge, Betatakin
and Window Rock-the “seven wonders of the Navajo Nation.”
Leupp is located along the southwest bank of the Little
Colorado River in north central Arizona, in the southwest corner
of the Navajo Reservation and the eastern portion of Coconino
County. Early scattered settlements developed during the 1800s
because of the availability of water along the Little Colorado
River. These had long been a travel route for the Navajo people.
In 1902, a Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) boarding school was
established. Shortly thereafter, the school was moved to a new
location now known as Old Leupp.
In 1907, Leupp became the headquarters of the Leupp
Reservation, one of five Navajo Reservations that existed before
1936. In 1936, the Navajo Nation was combined under the pre-sent
administrative center in Window Rock, Arizona.
The Navajo chapter organization was instituted in 1932 to
act as service units for the Agricultural Extension’s efforts to
bring in techniques to improve farming. These chapters evolved
into local governmental units servicing surrounding residents.
Leupp is one of the 110 chapters on the Navajo Reservation. In
1961, the BIA rebuilt the boarding school which became the
center for social and political activities. Today, Leupp has been
designated a secondary growth center on the Navajo
Leupp is rapidly becoming one of the reservation’s major growth
centers, focusing on high-tech industries. Established in 1982,
Tooh Dineh Industries manufactures complex printed circuit
boards, onboard locomotive computers, modems and other
computer peripherals for the information, communication and
transportation industries. Operating from a 55,000 square foot
facility, the company employs more than 375 people and is the
largest electronics firm in northern Arizona.
Presently, El Paso Natural Gas operates in Leupp. An industrial
the park has been developed and is available for occupancy by
light industries and offices.
The services sector is the second major employer in the
community with educational services having the largest number
of employees. Federal and Tribal agencies located in Leupp also
provide a substantial number of jobs. With the numerous
scenic attractions in the area of Leupp, increased tourism is
expected and development of accommodations for tourists is
being considered for the area.
Grand Falls on the Little Colorado, Meteor Crater, and the
Painted Desert are some of the numerous scenic attractions of
unspoiled beauty located near Leupp. Also nearby
are the San Francisco Peaks, Sunset Crater National Monument,
Walnut Canyon National Monument and Canyon Diablo.