The Ak-Chin Indian Lands lie along the Santa Cruz River Valley in Pinal County. State Route 347 runs through the Indian Land, just 30 miles south of Phoenix. It sits at an elevation of 1,186 feet. Today, the tribe has 575 members consisting of both the Tohono O’odham and the Pima Indians.
President Taft established 47,600 acres of Indian Land by Executive Order in May 1912. Although in September of that same year, he signed another Executive Order reducing the size of the land to 22,000 acres.
There was a disagreement over water between the Department of Interior and the Ak-Chin tribe. The argument lasted many years. Finally, in 1984 Congress passed “The Ak-Chin Water Settlement Act.” This act allowed the community to meet their goal of becoming 100% self sufficient by operating their agricultural plans at full potential. When operating at their optimum, 16,000 acres can be cultivated.
The Ak-Chin Indians are known for their basketry.
The first Eco Museum was created on the Ak-Chin Indian Lands. An Eco Museum is different from a traditional museum, in that there is no building to house the artifacts. The museum becomes the surrounding land and territory and the artifacts are the items owned by the tribe’s members, who are also the caretakers and curators of the museum. It is unique concept that the Ak-Chin tribe has adopted to share and preserve their culture.
The land is home for the Harrah’s Ak-Chin Casino.
Ak-Chin Him-Dak Museum Celebration April
St. Francis Church Feast October