Types of Construction Defects: A Basic Guide for a Better Understanding


Construction defects can come in many shapes and sizes. They can also come for an assortment of reasons. Subsurface deficiencies can range anywhere from the planning to the implementation stage.

They can be found during an inspection. They can be found when a certain type fo supervision has failed. These different types of construction defects are not relegated to the construction of a new home or building. They can come by way of any kind of remodeling job. Say a homeowner wants to remodel his or her bathroom. They want to make an addition to what is already there. There could be some subsurface deficiencies that are not brought to light right away.

This can happen during the planning stages. Sometimes it gets to be too late by the time the contractor gets to the inspection stage. The only recourse at this stage is to strip it down and start over again. This costs the construction company money. This costs the homeowner money. He or she will be paying for the same job twice.

This is why it is important to catch these defects when they happen. To catch these issues requires knowing what to look for. Here is a list of the types of construction defects that are most common.

Six things to watch out for

1) The first type involves things like an unstable foundation. The concrete may be uneven. The carpets may not be lining up in the correct way. There can be an issue with the masonry department. Anything having to do with the structure needs to be looked after. One wrong move and turn the whole thing upside down.

2) There may be an issue with the soil. There is something known as "expansive soil". When water is added to it, it will expand. When the area dries up, the soil will shrink. This may not seem like a big deal, but it is. This constant shrink and expand may cause the soil to become uneven. This will cause the structure to go under sometimes. The soil may become cracked at a certain point. This detail cannot be overlooked.

3) The mechanical structure is when all the components within the structure are working in symmetry. When there is a problem with the mechanical department, everything will be off. The mechanics can appear to be off at any time. Click here to read over the list of everything that is included in the mechanical department. Both the construction companies and homeowner need to be aware of this list. The same goes for the electrical department. One little mishap will trip something up and cause a construction defect.

4) There may be too much water seeping in. This can happen during the planning stages. It will happen during the execution stage. Everyone on the job needs to be aware of this. Seeing too much water will cause the foundation to become unsettled.

5) There may be an issue with the finish that has been used. Some finishes will not work out with the materials being used. This needs to be looked at. A finish to the house is good. However, the person who does the finish needs to know what he is doing. No one can use any finish. Using the wrong finish will cause a major defect. It may not be noticed right away, but it will be noticed after a while.

The same goes for the windows and glass being used. The house needs to be able to support both of these. It is never a good idea to use a heavy piece of glass in a structure that can not hold it. This will cause the foundation to become uneven. It may even go under, depending on where the home or building is being placed. This will be an added cost. Once the costs start to add up, it becomes more difficult to get back the money that has been lost.

6) One final thing that needs to be looked at are the thermal conditions. The thermal conditions need to be exact. The same goes for the moisture on the inside. Every structure needs a certain amount of moisture to survive. There is such a thing as too much. It can lead to toxins. It can lead to mold buildup. Once the mold begins to pile on, this will lead to more structural damage.

Some foundations have folded under due to an extensive mold buildup. This mold buildup was never looked at. The homeowner lost lots of money. The construction company did too. It pays to be careful.

Other types of deficiencies

1) The architect may have mad a bad choice with the designs. His specifications may have been off by one calculation. This will lead to the foundation being off.

2) There may be a deficiency in the materials being used. Some tend to find poor substitutes when they cannot get the real thing. This will lead to construction defects.

3) The workmanship of the person doing the job may be off. It cannot be off with a job like this. This also goes for subsurface work. Nothing in the foundation can be off or cracked. The surface underneath needs to be prepared for proper drainage. Anything less will result in a money loss. Hiring someone whose workmanship is 100% quality is of the utmost importance.