Santa Cruz County is Arizona’s smallest, encompassing only 1,236square miles. Created by the 20thTerritorial Assembly in 1899, the county is named after the river that flows into Mexico from Arizona before winding back into Santa Cruz and Pima counties. The river was named Santa Cruz, which means Holy Cross in Spanish, by Father Kino in the 17th century. The fertile Santa Cruz Valley was populated by friendly Pima Indians when the Spaniards first arrived in the 1690s,and established several missions, one of which, Tumacacori, is a national monument. Nogales, which means walnuts in Spanish, was chosen the county seat and remains such today. There are strong commercial, religious and cultural ties between Nogales, Arizona, and its sister city across the border, Nogales, Sonora. It serves as one of the major gateways between the U.S. and Mexico and is expected to grow in importance as the North American Free Trade Agreement continues to be implemented. Tubac, founded in 1752 when the Spaniards built a presidio or fort, began as an early outpost for exploration and evolved to silver and gold mining and ranching in the 1800s. Recognized as Arizona’s first European settlement, it was here that The Weekly Arizonan, the first newspaper of what became the territory of Arizona, was published. It is also home to Arizona’s first state park– Tubac Presidio State Historic Park. Since the late 1940s, the community has gained a reputation as one of the premier artisan communities in the state, with more than 120 shops, studios and galleries in Tubac and neighboring communities of Amado and Tumacacori. Given its border location, tourism, international trade, manufacturing and services are the county’s principal industries. All of Santa Cruz County is an Enterprise Zone. The U.S. Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management own 54.6 percent of the land; the state of Arizona, 7.8 percent; individual or corporate ownership, 37.5 percent.