Fredonia, on the east side of Kanab Creek, is four miles
south of the Utah-Arizona border in the Arizona Strip, a portion of
Arizona north of the Colorado River between the Grand Canyon
and Utah. This area has remained relatively unspoiled by urbanization
because the Canyon effectively cuts the strip off from the rest
of the state. Fredonia was founded in 1865 by Mormon settlers
from Utah seeking freedom from federal laws against polygamy.
The name was given by Mormon Apostle Erastus Snow and is a
combination of free and Donia, the Spanish for a woman. At an elevation
of 4,800 feet, the community in Coconino County is Arizona's
northern-most town. It was incorporated in 1956.
The economy of Fredonia is based primarily on tourism and agriculture.
International Uranium (USA), Inc. employs 10; Petro Source
Asphalt Company, 18; Canyon Country Cabinet Shop, 19; Reidhead
Logging, 45; Peterson Logging, seven; Red Hills Manufacturing, six;
Chance Truck Corp., 14; JDM Sand and Rock, six; and Golden
Fredonia's central location in relation to recreational areas in northern
Arizona has made it an attractive warehousing point for expedition
outfitters and guides. A significant portion of this activity is
related to river trips for tourists down the Colorado River.
The Arizona Strip provides unparalleled attractions. It encompasses
nearly 5.1 million acres of land and is often called the gateway to
the North Rim of the Grand Canyon. Local scenery near Fredonia
includes Vermillion and Shinorump Cliffs, Coral Pink Sand Dunes,
Steamboat Rock, and numerous canyons and Indian ruins. The
North Rim of the Grand Canyon is 75 miles south and the 741,000-
acre Kaibab National Forest, with picnicking, rock hunting, camping
and hunting, located less than 20 miles southeast of the community.
The area surrounding Fredonia is blessed with a variety of geological,
historical and recreational attractions. The town is centrally
located and only hours away from the geological wonders of Zion
National Park, Bryce Canyon National Park, Cedar Breaks National
Monument, Coral Pink Sand Dunes Utah State Park, and many other
interesting sites. Lake Powell, Glen Canyon, and Lake Mead National
Recreation Areas are not far.
Kanab Creek runs past the town on its way to Snake Gulch and the
Colorado River in the Grand Canyon. Historic Pipe Springs National
Monument and the Kaibab National Forest are nearby.
The Kaibab is one of six National Forests in Arizona operating under the care of the USDA Forest Service and here to serve our visitors at work and play! If you are a citizen of the United States, you are one of its proud owners. If you are from foreign lands, you are an honored guest. In either case, we hope your visit with us will be an enjoyable and rewarding experience.
Did you know that the Kaibab National Forest is part of the largest contiguous ponderosa pine forest in the United States? Bordering both the north and south rims of the Grand Canyon, the 1.6 million acres of the Kaibab has the distinction of being divided by one of Nature's greatest attractions. Headquartered in Williams, Arizona, the South Kaibab covers 1,422 square miles and the North Kaibab stretches over 1,010 square miles. Elevations vary on the forest from 5,500 feet in the southwest corner to 10,418 feet at the summit of Kendrick Peak on the Williams Ranger District. All the way from north-central Arizona into Utah, you'll find enough breathtaking views, outstanding forest scenery, unusual geologic formations, and just plain fun to keep you satisfied for days!
Vegetation on the forest varies by elevation and exposure. Principal tree species are ponderosa pine, Douglas-fir, Engelmann spruce, aspen, blue spruce, oak, pinyon pine, and juniper. Among other things, they enhance the beauty of the landscape, hold soil in place, and provide cover and food for wildlife. As elevation decreases, trees give way to bitter brush, Gambel oak, sagebrush, and cliffrose. Within the forest, there are irregular areas entirely free of tree growth. These "parks" are found in canyon bottoms, dry south exposures and ridge tops near the Kaibab's exterior limits.
Large wild animals commonly seen are elk, mule deer, and antelope. Turkey and coyote are also fairly common. Mountain lion, black bear, and bobcat are seen on rare occasions.
The most commonly encountered small animals on the Kaibab are Abert's squirrels, chipmunks, and ground squirrels. Less easily seen are porcupines, small lizards, and rattlesnakes. Frequently observed birds are bluebirds, robins, nuthatches, flickers and other woodpeckers, various hummingbirds, Steller's jays, crows, ravens, and a variety of hawks. There are over 20 species of bats in the forest!
Like all of our national forests, the Kaibab is a "land of many uses." While logging and grazing are traditional forest activities, hunting and fishing are allowed under the rules and regulations of the Arizona Game & Fish Department. Increasingly, nonconsumptive uses such as hiking, trail rides, mountain biking, sightseeing, cross-country skiing, and wildlife viewing attract more and more people to the Kaibab National Forest. All organized recreational activities are authorized by a special-use permit. Such permits are issued also for the various commercial activities that take place on forest lands, from the harvesting of timber or extracting of mineral resources to outfitter or concessionaire services.
Thousands of visitors travel to the Kaibab Plateau each fall to enjoy the vibrant colors of autumn leaves, yet winter is a beautiful time of year in Northern Arizona as well. During the summer, the thermometer may reach 90 degrees during the day but dip to the 50s at night. The rainy season brings brief but often violent thunderstorms across the forest. Such conditions make wildfires a serious threat to the Kaibab: there is an average of 100 fires each year, with 25% caused by people. At times, campfires may be restricted to certain designated areas and parts of the forest may be closed to public entry. The sunny climate can be deceptive, be it summer or winter, and visitors who hike, bike, or ride the forest roads should always have appropriate clothes with them for inclement weather.
Whether you seek the challenges of rugged terrain, the solitude of nature, or the nostalgia of Old Route 66, you'll find nothing short of a once-in-a-lifetime experience on the Kaibab National Forest.