Camp Verde Yavapai-Apache Indian Reservation is in central Arizona's Verde Valley. Rolling hills suitable for irrigated agriculture or grazing characterize the terrain. The reservation is populated by the Yavapai and Tonto Apache Indian Tribes, inhabitants of this area for centuries. President U. S. Grant, upon the recommendation of Vincent Colyer, then-Secretary of the United States Board of Indian Commissioners established the reservation in 1871. The President abandoned the reservation in 1875 and its people were moved against their will to the San Carlos Apache Reservation. Migration back to their traditional homeland, the Verde Valley, began immediately after 1900. A reservation area was re-established in 1909 and additional lands acquired in 1915, 1917, 1967, and 1974. Today, the 636-acre reservation is composed of five separate parcels, Middle Verde (458 acres), Camp Verde (40 acres), Clarkdale (58.5acres), Rimrock (3.75 acres), and Interstate 17 Visitor Activity Complex (74.84 acres). The reservation headquarters are located at Middle Verde, about 93 miles north of Phoenix.
Tribe operates a convenience market, service station, and recreational vehicle park. This enterprise, owned by the Tribe, has created various employment opportunities. A casino recently opened near Cliff Castle Lodge. Approximately 180 acres of the Camp Verde Reservation are leased for irrigated agriculture. Cattle are grazed on another 180 acres of rangeland. On the reservation, employment is limited to federal and tribal government and individual business sectors.
The reservation is in the Coconino National Forest with the Prescott National Forest to the east and the Kaibab National Forest to the north. Fort Verde State Park is within the nearby town of Camp Verde. Four of the original adobe fort buildings still stand and are open to the public. The park's museum contains early military artifacts, Indian relics, and implements used by Verde Valley settlers. Three national monuments–Montezuma Castle, Montezuma Well, and Tuzigoot–, which are fascinating examples of prehistoric Indian cliff dwellings, and pueblos, are within 25 miles of the reservation. Also nearby are the famous artist colonies of Sedona and Jerome both popular tourist attractions. Jerome, the world's largest “ghost city” was once a famous mining town. Dining/lodging facilities are available in the Verde Valley. Fishing in the Verde River and area trout streams, as well as hunting for deer, elk, antelope, bear, quail, duck, and geese, are popular pastimes. Indian Reservation