Toxic Mold Overview
Your home should be a place of comfort and refuge for you and your family. However, when it is infected with toxic mold, your comfort could soon turn into a nightmare that puts your health at risk. You can protect your family and your home from the dangers of this environmental hazard by gleaning important facts from this toxic mold overview.
What is Toxic Mold?
Toxic mold differs from other types of mold in the level of danger it presents to you, your family, and your home. Unlike the kind of mold that grows on cheese or bread, toxic mold releases mycotoxins that can trigger any number of health complications.
So how does toxic mold get into your home? The most common avenue it takes is through your home’s air vents. Mold spores make their way through the ventilation system and into areas of your home that are dark, moist, and poorly ventilated.
Once the spores take root, they continue to spread unless you take corrective action to remove and kill them. However, removing toxic mold is itself a risky and expensive task.
You often must hire contractors who are trained to deal with this dangerous element. You also must remove not only the flooring but also furniture, draperies, and even the walls to get rid of the toxic mold entirely.
Still, you cannot afford to let it continue to grow unimpeded in your home. If you fail to take actions to remove it, your home could lose its value. You also could face liability issues for people who enter your home and come into contact with it.
Signs of Toxic Mold
Another important element to learning as you read through the toxic mold overview centers on how to recognize the signs of toxic mold. This detrimental fungus makes itself known in several key ways. Some of its more obvious signs include:
- visible patches of mold
- black spots on the floor or walls
- water stains and discolorations
- musty odor
- standing water and condensation on the floor, walls, and windows
Any of these markers of toxic mold call for your immediate action. Allowing the mold to stay in your house puts the health of you and your family at risk.
Toxic Mold Health Risks
Toxic mold presents a very real danger to people who have compromised immune systems as well as individuals who suffer from lung disease. Likewise, it jeopardizes the health of the elderly and the very young as well as people who suffer from chronic allergies.
People who are exposed to this mold could sooner or later suffer from health conditions like:
- respiratory issues like wheezing or coughing
- burning and itchy eyes
- sore or irritated throat
- skin rashes
If you or any of your loved ones suffer from these symptoms, you should inspect your home for toxic mold and seek immediate medical help. You may need to take medications like antihistamines or allergy medications to help you overcome the worst side effects of being exposed to toxic mold.
Preventing Toxic Mold Growth
Despite toxic mold being detrimental to your health and the safety of your home, you can take several important steps to prevent it. First, you should keep your home well-ventilated so that you avoid the moist and damp conditions in which it thrives.
In particular, you should open a window or use an overhead ventilation fan after taking a hot shower or bath. You should also use a fan in your utility room if that part of your home gets hot and damp as you do laundry.
You should also use bleach to clean surfaces like walls and the floor where mold likes to grow. Bleach kills mold spores and prevents new spores from taking root.
You should likewise clean up water damages inside your home as soon as possible. If your pipes spring a leak or if you spill water on the carpeting, you should dry out the area quickly to prevent mold growth.
These simple yet effective preventative measures can go a long way in keeping this dangerous health hazard from making its way into your home. If your best efforts are ineffective or you realize too late that you have toxic mold in your house, you should find out what legal recourse might be available to you.
Legal Remedies for Toxic Mold
Depending on your circumstances, you might have a few legal remedies available to you to help you get rid of or overcome the effects of toxic mold. Before you take any legal action, you should consult an attorney to find out what your options are, however.
You could have a case to take to court that will help you recoup the expenses involved in getting rid of toxic mold from your house. Likewise, if you or a family member suffered a health condition related to mold growth, you could pursue compensation for your medical expenses.
Similarly, if you were unable to work after suffering from a mold-related illness, you may be able to recoup lost wages. You may be able to file your claims against real estate agents, appraisers, the former owner, contractors, or others who failed to warn you about toxic mold growing in your house.
You have every right to expect your house to be a place where you can live safely. When your home has toxic mold growing in it, it may be anything but a safe place.
Because getting rid of toxic mold can be difficult, time-consuming, and expensive, your best course of action may be to take legal action against those individuals who may have had a hand in the poor quality and comfort of your home. You can protect the health and safety of you and your family by knowing the best legal response to finding toxic mold in your house.
mold associated illnesses
You want your house to be a place of safety and comfort for your family. However, when it is infested with toxic mold, your peace of mind may soon turn into a nightmare. You can take measures to keep your family safe and to restore your home’s value and integrity by first learning about why toxic mold poses a unique hazard to you and your loved ones.
Dangerous Toxic Mold Levels
Toxic mold is very different from the mold that grows on rocks and tree trunks or on food that has been allowed to spoil. It emits toxic spores that can cause a wide array of mold associated illnesses that can sicken, cripple, and even kill people who come into contact with it.
However, scientists disagree on what constitutes a dangerous level of toxic mold. Ideally, every home would be mold-free. That ideal standard is often impossible for homeowners to achieve because many are not aware that mold is in their homes until the damage has been inflicted to their houses and their health.
As such, scientists speculate that the level of dangerous toxic mold depends on the overall health of the people who live in the house. If everyone is healthy and free of underlying illnesses or conditions that could put them at risk, they may tolerate a higher level of toxic mold than a household with members who suffer from respiratory or allergy conditions.
Even so, health experts agree that all homeowners should make every effort to search for, identify, and eliminate toxic mold from their houses. These precautions help people avoid the dangers that often come with being exposed to it.
Toxic Mold Exposure Risks
Toxic mold can cause any number of complications that could compromise your overall health. Even the mildest of symptoms can be enough to interrupt your daily routine and compel you to seek out medical treatment.
However, the symptoms of mold exposure can be easily mistaken for other illnesses and conditions. For example, it can cause you to develop skin rashes, which you may then mistake as an allergy to fabric softener or the onset of seasonal allergies.
Likewise, you might develop a persistent cough and assume that you are coming down with a cold. It is often only after the symptoms get progressively worse that you realize that they are being caused by toxic mold rather than a virus, allergen, or bacteria.
A cough and skin rash are only two of several health complications that can arise from being exposed to toxic mold. You should learn about other conditions that can result from toxic mold exposure so that you can protect you and your family.
Illnesses Caused by Toxic Mold
You and your loved ones could suffer from any number of mold associated illnesses if this dangerous fungus is allowed to take root in your home. Some of the more common conditions caused by it include:
- skin rashes
- persistent cough
- worsened seasonal or chronic allergies
- respiratory complications like difficulty breathing or wheezing
- watery, burning eyes
- mild to a moderate sore throat
- flu-like symptoms
You may need to seek medical treatment if over-the-counter antihistamines, creams, and other medications do not relieve the symptoms.
In rare instances, toxic mold can cause severe reactions like:
- bleeding in the lungs
- brain damage
- memory loss
- immune system suppression
People with underlying health conditions are most at risk of these rare complications. However, anyone who comes into contact with toxic mold stands a small chance of developing any of these reactions.
People Most At-Risk of Toxic Mold Complications
While healthy people may only experience one or two of these symptoms, people who suffer from chronic illnesses and underlying conditions could become so sick that they must be hospitalized or undergo intense treatment for toxic mold exposure. Toxic mold poses a significant risk to people like:
- asthma sufferers
- people with chronic or severe seasonal allergies
- COPD sufferers
- people with lung disease
- the elderly
- infants, toddlers, and children under the age of 10
If you have anyone who meets any of these criteria, it is important that you remain vigilant to the presence of toxic mold and that you take all appropriate measures to keep it out of your home.
Preventing and Eliminating Toxic Mold
The key to avoiding any of these health complications and side effects from toxic mold exposure centers on keeping this dangerous fungus out of your home in the first place. Toxic mold spores are drawn to dark, damp, and humid places in your house like the bathroom, utility room, and kitchen.
You should ventilate these areas so that they remain dry and inhospitable to mold growth. You should also have your vents cleaned out at least once a year since spores can enter your home through the ventilation system.
If you do see mold, you should immediately take action to get rid of it. You should tear up flooring, walls, upholstery, and other fixtures where it is growing. You should then use chlorine bleach to clean the affected areas.
You can also hire contractors who are trained to get rid of mold. This service may be covered by your homeowners’ insurance policy.
Finally, if you unknowingly purchased a home infested with mold, you may have legal recourse against the real estate agent, contractors, inspector, and others involved with the sale. You should consult an attorney to find out what legal remedies you have to seek compensation for toxic mold exposure.
Toxic mold can put the health and safety of your household at risk. You can take the best measures to protect you and your family from it by learning what illnesses and complications it can cause and who is at risk of toxic mold exposure.
mold lawsuit settlement and examples
When you move into a new home, you have the right to expect it to be safe for you and your family to occupy. You may not anticipate that health risks like black mold may be lurking beneath the flooring, behind the walls, or elsewhere in your house.
The presence of toxic mold can put the safety and health of your family in jeopardy. You may be able to recoup lost wages, medical expenses, and other costs associated with toxic mold exposure by pursuing a toxic mold lawsuit.
What is a Toxic Mold Lawsuit?
A toxic mold lawsuit is a civil case that homeowners and renters can file against people and organizations who may have either purposefully or inadvertently concealed their knowledge of toxic mold being present in your home. These cases are most often filed against:
- homeowners’ insurance companies
- real estate agents
- management companies
- home inspectors
They allege that the structure has a defect related to its materials, construction, or architectural design. They can also accuse former owners of failing to reveal the presence of toxic mold within the building.
Toxic mold lawsuits can either go to trial or be settled out of court. They are more likely to go to trial and be decided by a judge or jury if they are filed against a homeowners’ insurance company. Insurance companies often have the legal resources to pursue a case to its fullest in court.
However, other parties like private landlords, management companies, and contractors typically prefer to settle out of court. Settling a case helps both the plaintiff and defendant avoid trial-related burdens like:
- court costs
- attorney fees
- laboratory testing costs
- expert witness fees
Further, settling out of court allows defendants to avoid bad press and the embarrassment of having to admit wrongdoing. Before you agree to settle your lawsuit, you should consult your lawyer and ensure that this resolution best satisfies your case.
How is a Toxic Mold Lawsuit Settled?
If both parties agree that a settlement would be in their best interests, lawyers for both the defendant and plaintiff can then work out the specific details to bring the case to a full resolution. In most circumstances, settlements are based on previous cases. The amount that you can expect to settle for should be close to the same amount of previous cases that were similar to yours.
However, the legal system does allow for a slight discount in settlement amounts in most cases as well. This slight reduction implies that the smallest amount of doubt could exist when it comes to the defendant acknowledging its guilt or involvement. The reduction also infers that the causation of the black mold is not fully known.
With that, you may wonder how much of a discount you can expect when it comes to the settlement amount that you will be offered. Most lawsuits are settled for around 30 percent less than the amount awarded in similar cases. The reduction depends on the type of lawsuit and the circumstances of your case, however.
The Process of Settling Toxic Mold Lawsuits
If you and the defendant agree to settle the case, you can expect your legal team to notify the defendant’s lawyers that you wish to work out a settlement. Your attorney will send both a demand for settlement letter as well as a settlement brochure to the defendant’s attorney. The letter will urge the defendant to settle the case while the brochure will outline your specific claims.
The defendant’s attorney will then discuss the terms of the settlement with the defendant’s insurance company. Depending on the outcome of that discussion, your attorney and the legal team of the defendant can then compromise on the settlement terms until a resolution is agreed upon by both parties.
The process of settling a case ideally should only take a matter of days if not a week or two to be carried out in full. Once the settlement is reached and agreed upon by both you and the defendant, the case is considered by the legal system to be fully resolved.
Examples of Toxic Mold Lawsuits
As noted, previous toxic mold lawsuits will impact your own case. Some of the examples considered by both the courts and lawyers include:
- Broward County Courthouse, Florida – In 2013, this lawsuit was settled for $166,500. It involved a suit filed by a state prosecutor who claimed that toxic mold in the building caused her to suffer from severe sinus congestion.
- Baxter Health Corp. North Cove Plant, North Carolina – Baxter Health Corp agreed to settle this lawsuit for more than $2 million after an employee proved that black mold could be found in the air filters in a room where sterile products were made. No one was injured or made ill while working in the plant, however.
- Crenshaw Lumber Company, California – This lawsuit tragically centered on the severe brain damage inflicted upon a child. The lumber company did not store lumber properly before it was used in the construction of the child’s home. The child’s parents filed the lawsuit and won a $13 million settlement.
Filing Your Own Toxic Mold Lawsuit
If you have found toxic mold in your new home and suspect that parties like the real estate, previous owner, or others could be at fault for not notifying you, you may have a legal case to pursue against them. Before you file, you should consult with an attorney who practices real estate, personal injury, or other related areas of law.
By allowing an attorney to help you build your case and advise you throughout the legal process, you may be able to recoup the damages inflicted on your health, family, and your own ability to work and earn an income. You also may recoup money for lost income, medical expenses, and other monetary burdens.
Toxic mold poses a particular danger to your family and your home. You may have the legal basis to pursue a toxic mold lawsuit and win a settlement that is based on cases like yours.
mold types and causes
When you think of mold, you may think of the type that grows on cheese or bread and takes on a grotesque bubbly green appearance. The type of mold that grows on rotting food is but one of thousands of varieties that occur naturally throughout the world.
You also may not realize that some types of mold are more dangerous than others. You can take action to protect your home and family from the worst varieties by learning more about the common mold types and causes and what ones pose the most risk to your health and safety.
What is Mold?
Mold is a fungus that is designed by nature to break down organic materials. It is found in every corner of the world and spreads naturally by releasing spores that travel through the air.
Scientists estimate that there are more than 100,000 varieties of mold on the planet. You can bring mold easily into your home on your clothing or your pets’ fur to which spores can easily attach themselves.
They can also come inside through windows, doors, and your home’s ventilation system. Once inside your home, the spores seek out dark, humid, and poorly ventilated areas that are perfect for them to grow.
In fact, scientists have identified several common varieties of mold that commonly inhabit homes and businesses. These types include:
- stachybotrys atra
These types and many of the more than 100,000 varieties of mold are harmless and will inflict minimal if any harm on your home’s safety or you and your family’s health. The more harmless types of mold release volatile organic compounds, or VOCs, that you may not notice even if the mold is in your home. If you do notice the VOCs, it may be as a result of a musty odor that they can cause once the mold starts to grow and thrive.
However, some mold types and causes are very dangerous to your home and the health of you and your family. These harmful varieties release myotoxins that can inflict severe damage to your respiratory system, lungs, brain, and other parts of your body.
How can you know if the mold types and causes in your home pose a significant threat to you and your loved ones? Unless you are a scientist or a biologist, you cannot make that determination.
Instead, scientists and health experts urge you and other homeowners to take the appropriate measures to get rid of the mold as quickly and safely as possible. You should also look for parts of your home where mold might look to grow and remedy the conditions that create the ideal environment for spores to take root.
Ideal Mold Growing Criteria
Several criteria allow for mold to grow and thrive inside your home. The foremost involves humid or wet conditions that make for the ideal environment for spores to take root. If you fail to clean up standing water or dry out damp conditions in your home, you could be inviting mold to grow and thrive, potentially harming your family’s health in the process.
Mold also thrives in homes that have poor ventilation and circulation. Many homes today are designed to discourage air movement that could cause energy bills to rise. However, this poor air circulation also makes it easier for mold to grow. You can improve ventilation by using fans or opening windows to let air flow in and out of your house.
Failing to repair cracks and holes in walls, crawl spaces, the roof, foundation, and in other structures likewise, invites mold to come into your house. You should caulk, fill, repair, and otherwise replace such fixtures to discourage mold spores from entering your home.
Finally, you should make immediate repairs to leaky pipes and plumbing so that water does not soak into your flooring, cabinets, and elsewhere. Once water has been allowed to soak into the walls, floor, and other parts of your home, you help create the ideal environment in which mold likes to grow.
Of course, sometimes you are not able to prevent the ideal conditions that make mold growth more likely. For example, many homeowners see mold in their homes and also outside in their yards during periods of heavy rain or snowfall. You can help keep the inside of your house dry during times of heavy precipitation by using a dehumidifier and by making sure no one tracks in water and snow onto your flooring.
The Health Risks of Mold Exposure
Why should you take every precaution to prevent or remove mold from your home? As noted, some types of mold pose little to no risk to the safety or health of your home and family. Still, you cannot be sure that the type of mold growing in your home is a safe variety or if it is one that could cause any number of illnesses and adverse health conditions.
Specifically, toxic mold can cause people in your home to suffer from:
- worsened allergies
- skin rashes
- breathing problems like frequent coughing or wheezing
- sinus congestion
In rare instances, you can even develop severe and rare complications like:
- brain damage
- bleeding in the lungs
- memory loss
Mold especially poses a dangerous risk to people who:
- suffer from asthma or COPD
- have lung disease
- have seasonal or chronic allergies
- are elderly
- are very young, such as newborns, babies, and toddlers
Even the healthiest of people, however, can develop adverse reactions to toxic mold. Rather than gamble with the health, safety, and integrity of your home, you should protect your family and take all steps necessary to prevent or get rid of mold growing in your house.
Thousands of mold types can be found in the world. You can avoid the worst kind by getting rid of and preventing all types of mold from entering and growing in your home.
toxic mold legal claims
When you find that your new home is infested with toxic mold, you may have no idea what, if any, legal remedies are available to you. How can you prove that you did not cause the mold to take root and grow in your home? And how can you know for sure whom the responsible party is?
Rather than tackle these questions alone, you can pursue the best course of action by consulting a lawyer who specializes in negligence, breach of warranty, and failure to disclose cases. You can target the right party and prove the theory that best accommodates your toxic mold lawsuit when you retain legal counsel to assist you.
Common Subjects of Toxic Mold Lawsuits
Who are some of the parties who could be held responsible for your home’s toxic mold infestation? Depending on the circumstances, you could pursue action against:
- the previous owner
- contractors or subcontractors who worked on your house prior to buying it
- the suppliers or manufacturers of materials used in your home’s construction
- the house’s architects and engineers for failing to utilize plans that would discourage mold growth
Your lawyer can help investigate the causation of your home’s toxic mold and determine who should be held responsible. Your attorney can also tailor the lawsuit to help you recoup expenses if your mold infestation has caused you to suffer mold-related illness, structural damages to your home, or remediation costs to have the mold cleaned up and removed.
Pursuing Damages with a Toxic Mold Lawsuit
As noted, you may be able to pursue compensation for expenses that are related to your home’s toxic mold infestation. Your lawyer can ask the court to award you damages for:
- medical costs: You may be able to recoup money that you paid out for testing, diagnostics, medications, and other similar costs. The amount that you can ask to be paid back will depend on the severity, duration, and prognosis of your illness as well as a number of your medical expenses.
- cleanup and structural repair costs: Your lawyer can ask the court to award you damages for costs related to cleaning up the toxic mold in your house or the repair expenses related to having the flooring, walls, subflooring, furniture, and other structures removed and replaced.
- professional contractor services: Getting rid of toxic mold in structures like your home’s ventilation system is complex and expensive. Your homeowner’s insurance company may require that you hire a professional contractor for this task. You can ask for the money to be paid back to you by the defendant through your lawsuit.
It is important that you keep all of your receipts and invoices related to addressing the toxic mold in your home. You can use this proof to seek compensation from the defendant in court or through a settlement.
Toxic Mold Liability Theories
The basis of your toxic mold lawsuit will be the theory that you intend to prove your case. You can base your lawsuit on several theories most often utilized in these types of cases. They include:
- Negligence: Negligence means that the previous owner, contractors, subcontractors, architects, and others failed to use reasonable care to prevent or address the toxic mold infestation. Their negligence caused your mold-related illness, structural damages, and clean up costs.
- Breach of Warranty: Breach of Warranty refers to the violation or failure to honor the warranty related to work and services carried out on or in your home. The failure to honor the warranty resulted in the mold infestation or the refusal of the responsible party to address it properly. The statute of limitation on such contractor work varies from state to state.
- Failure to Disclose: Failure to Disclose means that the responsible party failed to tell you about the mold infestation or conditions that could cause it. This theory could be applied to the former owner, inspector, real estate agent, contractors, and others.
Proving one of these theories on your own can be difficult or even impossible. When you believe that you have a case that can sufficiently be built on one of these applicable toxic mold lawsuit theories, you should consult an attorney before filing your case in court.
Retaining Legal Counsel
After finding toxic mold in your home, you may simply want to get rid of it so that you and your family can go back to your normal life. However, that simple goal may be more difficult than you realize unless you take the proper actions to address the problem in the best legal way possible.
You should not have to pay to clean up or get rid of the mold. You also should not pay for the medical expenses you and your family incur because of being exposed to black mold in your new home. You can get back to your normal life and recover from any mold-related illness from which you suffer by pursuing a lawsuit against the responsible person or party in court.
Your lawyer can gather the evidence you need to take your case before a judge or jury and win. You also can settle the case out of court if your lawyer and the legal team for the defendant deems it in your best interest.
Before you settle the case, you should allow your attorney to work out the compromise on your behalf. You should receive a settlement that is based on previous cases like yours and also an amount that fairly covers your damages and suffering.
When the toxic mold was in your home long before you bought it, you may have a case to pursue against the previous owner, contractors, real estate agent, inspector, or others who had a hand in your home’s sale. You can decide what medical, structural, contractor, and other costs to pursue compensation for and on what theory to base your lawsuit by consulting with a skilled lawsuit attorney today.
mold prevention and control tips
You can inadvertently make your house a welcome haven for mold spores. Once mold takes up residence among you and your loved ones, you face an expensive and potentially deadly uphill battle to get rid of it once and for all.
However, you can take the first step in keeping it out of your house for good by controlling the moisture, water, and humidity in your home. Use these mold prevention and control tips to make your home comfortable and safe for your family and inhospitable to toxic mold.
Discourage Water from Getting Inside Your Home
The first step you should take involves keeping water out of your home. This measure can be as simple as cleaning up water that spills onto your floor, walls, and elsewhere in your house. You should clean up water spills within 24 to 48 hours for the best chance of preventing toxic mold spores from taking root and growing.
You should also get clean or get rid of wet materials like towels, newspapers, mops, and other items that come into contact with water. Drying out or throwing away items that are drenched and dripping wet are major draws for mold that could put you and your family at risk of mold-related illnesses.
Another one of the practical mold prevention and control tips involves keeping your gutters cleaned out and repaired. Your gutters perform the important duty of keeping water off of your rooftop and away from the exterior of your home.
If they are clogged, dented, or broken, they cannot drain away the water. The water in turns pools on your roof and on the ground where it can seep into your foundation or crawl space. From there, it can become a breeding ground for toxic mold.
Finally, you should be on the lookout for condensation in your home. When the humidity inside the house gets too high, condensation can accumulate and appear on:
- hardwood or tile floors
If you see condensation on any of these fixtures, you should take steps to lower the humidity levels in your home.
Keep Humidity Levels Low
So how can you lower the humidity in your home? This mold-prevention measure is relatively simple and inexpensive to accomplish.
First, you should use a dehumidifier if you live in a climate that is naturally humid or one that experiences a lot of precipitation throughout the year. A dehumidifier can be a valuable resource in keeping humidity levels inside your house low and inhospitable for mold spores.
Second, you should make sure that the vents for your appliances face to the outside of your home. Appliances like dryers, stoves, and some types of kerosene heaters utilize vents. Point them outside and make sure that the vents stay clean to avoid humid conditions inside the house.
If you have a central air conditioner, you should run it during the hottest and most humid times of the year. The cold air from your central AC will help keep humidity at bay and make it more difficult for mold spores to grow if they get inside your house.
You should also use your ventilation fans when you take a shower or a hot bath. While the hot water and humid air in the bathroom can feel perfect after a long day at work or on a cold winter night, they also make it easier for mold spores to gain a foothold in your floor, walls, shower curtain, window sills and elsewhere.
Dry out the air in your bathroom and keep mold away by running the vent fans while bathing or showering. You should run them while you bathe and shower rather than turn them on after you finish.
Finally, using your exhaust fans in the kitchen while you cook or in the utility room while you do laundry can be a great way to keep mold out of the house and humidity levels low. Make sure you clean out the exhaust fans regularly so that they are more effective in circulating and drying out the air.
Prevent Condensation in Your Home
The last measure you can take to keep your home dry and safe from mold involves preventing condensation. Of course, part of preventing condensation in your home centers on keeping the humidity levels low.
However, more than that you can also discourage condensation buildup by circulating the air in your home. Many homes today are built to be airtight for the sake of energy efficiency.
These airtight conditions make it difficult to circulate air in every room of your house and can actually create an environment that is very welcoming to mold spores. You can encourage the air to move around freely by opening the windows and running fans.
You can also prevent condensation by insulating cold surfaces like cold water pipes. Insulation is key to keeping fixtures like plumbing and pipes dry and condensation at bay.
If you do see mold, you do not necessarily have to panic or move your family out in a hurry. Depending on where it is growing and how much it has spread, you may be able to get rid of it yourself without having to hire a professional contractor.
You can clean the area with bleach. You can also tear up carpeting, tiles, and upholstery that is infested with mold. You should wear protective gear like goggles, a respirator mask, and gloves before removing mold from your house.
However, if the mold has already spread throughout your house, you should hire a mold remediation service to get rid of it safely and effectively. You also should check into what legal options are available to you if you have just purchased the house and found it to be infested with black or toxic mold. You may have recourse against the real estate agent, inspector, contractors, or others who were involved the remodeling, upgrades, or selling of your home.